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Article
Considering Sport Participation as a Source for Physical Activity among Adolescents
Journal of Physical Activity and Health
  • Jennifer Renee Pharr, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • Nancy L. Lough, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2014
Publisher
Human Kinetics
Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies have shown participation in sport is lower among girls than boys, decreases as students matriculate through high school, is lowest among Black and Hispanic girls and has a positive relationship with SES. With sport recognized as a contributor to physical activity and health in adolescents, consideration of diminishing rates of participation appears warranted. The purpose of this study was to identify patterns related to differences in self- reported sport participation between genders, ethnic groups, grades and SES.

METHODS:

This study was a cross-sectional, secondary analysis of data collected for a Title IX interest survey. All students in grades eight through eleven attending middle and high schools were provided an opportunity to participate in the survey. Data from 49,832 students were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Among the participants, Black girls participated more and White girls participated less than expected. Black boys participated more while White and Asian boys participated less than expected. Reported sport participation was high compared to national data when analyzed by gender and ethnic group. Sport participation was higher in low SES schools compared to high SES schools.

CONCLUSION:

The importance of sport as a source of physical activity in underserved groups is significant.

Keywords
  • African American teenage girls,
  • African American teenage girls--Social conditions,
  • Boys,
  • Exercise,
  • Girls,
  • Health,
  • Hispanic American teenage girls,
  • Sports,
  • Teenage boys,
  • Teenage girls,
  • Teenagers--Health and hygiene
Language
English
Permissions
Use Find in Your Library, contact the author, or interlibrary loan to garner a copy of the item. Publisher policy does not allow archiving the final published version. If a post-print (author's peer-reviewed manuscript) is allowed and available, or publisher policy changes, the item will be deposited.
Identifier
DOI: 10.1123/jpah.2012-0238
Citation Information
Jennifer Renee Pharr and Nancy L. Lough. "Considering Sport Participation as a Source for Physical Activity among Adolescents" Journal of Physical Activity and Health Vol. 11 Iss. 5 (2014) p. 930 - 941
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jennifer_pharr/30/