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The Impact of Title IX on Athletics Development in the United States
Management Faculty Research
  • Jennifer Y. Mak, Marshall University
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Nothing has had as much of an impact in the history of public education as Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972. The increase in the popularity of collegiate sports, especially the revenue sports (football, basketball), has made Title IX and Athletics a hot topic. However, many members of the Title IX generations do not have a clear picture or fully understand the true meaning behind Title IX. This paper tries to close this gap by explaining the relationship between Title IX and Athletics in a timeline format: the birth of Title IX in 1972; Title IX and Athletics in the 1970s; Policy Interpretation and the three-part compliance test applied by H.E.W. to intercollegiate athletic in 1979; three important court cases in the 1990s; and the current progress of Title IX in Athletics.

Copyright © 2006 Journal of Physical Education & Recreation (Hong Kong). Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.

Citation Information
Mak, J. Y. (2006). The impact of Title IX on athletics development in the United States. Journal of Physical Education & Recreation, 12(1), 34-38.