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Unpublished Paper
Transpersonal understanding through social roles, and emergence of cooperation
Bond Business School Publications
  • Jeffrey J Kline, Bond University
  • Mamoru Kaneko, University of Tsukuba
Date of this Version
Document Type
Working Paper
Publication Details


Copyright © Mamoru Kaneko and J. Jude Kline, 2009.

Inductive game theory has been developed to explore the origin of beliefs of a person from his accumulated experiences of a game situation. So far, the theory has been restricted to a person’s view of the structure not including another person’s thoughts. In this paper, we explore the experiential origin of one’s view of the other’s beliefs about the game situation. We restrict our exploration to a 2-role (strategic) game, which has been recurrently played by two people who occassionally switch roles. By switching roles, each person accumulates experiences of both roles and these experiences become the source of his transpersonal view about the other. Reciprocity in the sense of role-switching is crucial for deriving his own and the other’s beliefs. We consider how a person can use these for his behavior revision, and we define an equilibrium called an intrapersonal coordination equilibrium. Based on this concept, we show that cooperation will emerge as the degree of reciprocity increases.
Citation Information
Jeffrey J Kline and Mamoru Kaneko. "Transpersonal understanding through social roles, and emergence of cooperation" (2009)
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