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Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction
Economics of Education Review (2016)
  • Jeffrey Schiman, Georgia Southern University
  • Eric A. Hanushek, Hoover Institution
  • Steven G. Rivkin, University of Illnois
It is widely believed that teacher turnover adversely affects the quality of instruction in urban schools serving predominantly disadvantaged children, and a growing body of research investigates various components of turnover effects. The evidence at first seems contradictory, as the quality of instruction appears to decline following turnover despite the fact that most work shows higher attrition for less effective teachers. This raises concerns that confounding factors bias estimates of transition differences in teacher effectiveness, the adverse effects of turnover or both. After taking more extensive steps to account for nonrandom sorting of students into classrooms and endogenous teacher exits and grade-switching, we replicate existing findings of adverse selection out of schools and negative effects of turnover in lower-achievement schools. But we find that these turnover effects can be fully accounted for by the resulting loss in experience and productivity loss following the reallocation of some incumbent teachers to different grades.
  • Teacher turnover,
  • Quality of instruction in urban schools,
  • Urban schools,
  • Teacher effectiveness
Publication Date
July, 2016
Citation Information
Jeffrey Schiman, Eric A. Hanushek and Steven G. Rivkin. "Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction" Economics of Education Review (2016)
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