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Article
Gratitude is associated with greater levels of protective factors and lower levels of risks in African American adolescents
Journal of Adolescence
  • Mindy M. Ma, Nova Southeastern University
  • Jeffrey L. Kibler, Nova Southeastern University
  • Kaye Sly, Jackson State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
10-1-2013
Keywords
  • Gratitude,
  • Protective factors,
  • Sexual behaviors,
  • Adolescents
Disciplines
Abstract
The literature suggests gratitude is associated with positive youth development. The current study examined the relationship between gratitude and protective/risk factors among African American youth. Adolescents (N = 389; 50.4% males) ages 12–14 completed measures of gratitude (moral affect and life-orientation), protective factors (e.g., academic and activity engagement, family relationship), and high-risk behaviors (e.g., sexual attitudes and behaviors, drug/alcohol use). Results indicated greater moral affect gratitude was the only variable significantly associated with greater academic interest, better academic performance, and more extra-curricular activity engagement. Greater moral affect and life-orientation gratitude both significantly correlated with positive family relationship. Greater life-orientation gratitude was the only variable significantly associated with abstinence from sexual intimacy, sexual intercourse, likelihood of engaging in sex during primary school, and abstinence from drug/alcohol use. The findings suggest that moral affect gratitude may enhance protective factors while life-orientation gratitude may buffer against high-risk behaviors among African American youth.
DOI
10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.07.012
Citation Information
Mindy M. Ma, Jeffrey L. Kibler and Kaye Sly. "Gratitude is associated with greater levels of protective factors and lower levels of risks in African American adolescents" Journal of Adolescence Vol. 36 Iss. 36 (2013) p. 983 - 991 ISSN: 0140-1971
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jeffrey-kibler/37/