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The Flammability of Forest and Woodland Litter: a Synthesis
Current Forestry Reports (2015)
  • Dr J. Morgan Varner, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Dr Jeffrey M Kane, Humboldt State University
  • Dr Jesse K Kreye, Mississippi State University
  • Eamon A Engber, Humboldt State University
Fire behavior and effects in forests and woodlands are influenced by surface fuels and senesced leaf litter in particular. We have known that species exhibit differential flammability for some time, but isolated efforts have often attributed differences to disparate mechanisms. Recent research has expanded the diversity of species evaluated, clarified patterns at the fuelbed level, and provided evidence that the physical and chemical traits of litter or fuelbeds drive flammability. To date, little effort has focused on uniting methods, clarifying the awkward terminology, or, perhaps most importantly, comparing laboratory findings to field observations of fire behavior. Here, we review recent literature and synthesize findings on what we know about the flammability of litter and propose future research directions. 
  • Fire behavior,
  • Fire ecology,
  • Fuels,
  • Methods,
  • Plant species traits,
  • Scaling
Publication Date
April, 2015
Citation Information
J. Morgan Varner, Jeffrey M Kane, Jesse K Kreye and Eamon A Engber. "The Flammability of Forest and Woodland Litter: a Synthesis" Current Forestry Reports (2015)
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