Retrieval Induces Forgetting, But Only When Nontested Items Compete for Retrieval: Implication for Interference, Inhibition, and Context ReinstatementJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Publication VersionAccepted Manuscript
AbstractThe mechanism responsible for retrieval-induced forgetting has been the subject of rigorous theoretical debate, with some researchers postulating that retrieval-induced forgetting can be explained by interference (J. G .W. Raaijmakers & E. Jakab, 2013) or context reinstatement (T. R. Jonker, P. Seli, & C. M. MacLeod, 2013), whereas others claim that retrieval-induced forgetting is better explained by inhibition (M. C. Anderson, 2003). A fundamental assumption of the inhibition account is that nonpracticed items are suppressed because they compete for retrieval during initial testing. In the current study, we manipulated competition in a novel interpolated testing paradigm by having subjects learn the nonpracticed items either before (high-competition condition) or after (low-competition condition) they practiced retrieval of the target items. We found retrieval-induced forgetting for the nonpracticed competitors only when they were studied before retrieval practice. This result provides support for a critical assumption of the inhibition account.
Copyright OwnerAmerican Psychological Association
Citation InformationJason C.K. Chan, Matthew R. Erdman and Sara D. Davis. "Retrieval Induces Forgetting, But Only When Nontested Items Compete for Retrieval: Implication for Interference, Inhibition, and Context Reinstatement" Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Vol. 41 Iss. 5 (2015) p. 1298 - 1315
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jason_chan/20/