Skip to main content
Total Nutrient Admixtures (3-in-1): Pros vs Cons for Adults
Nutrition in Clinical Practice
  • Jane Gervasio, Butler University
Document Type
Publication Date

Total nutrient admixture (TNA) is a complete parenteral nutrition (PN) formulation composed of all macronutrients, including dextrose, amino acids, and intravenous fat emulsions (IVFE), in one bag. The TNA may be safely administered to the patient, with all components aseptically compounded and minimal administration manipulation required, lending itself to decreases in risks of catheter contamination and patient infections. The TNA is compatible and stable at recommended concentrations, and since the IVFE is in the TNA, it is infused at slower rates, allowing for better fat clearance. The TNA offers convenience of administration and a potential cost savings to the healthcare institution both directly and indirectly. Unfortunately, the TNA is not without concerns. At low macronutrient concentrations (lower than recommended), the formulation is compromised. Greater divalent and monovalent cation amounts and increased concentrations of phosphate and calcium may destabilize the TNA or result in precipitation, respectively. With the addition of IVFE in the TNA, catheter occlusion is greater and larger pore size filters are necessary, resulting in less microbial elimination. Determining if the implementation of the TNA is appropriate for an institution requires a recognition of the advantages and disadvantages of the TNA as well as an understanding of the institution’s patient population and their nutrition requirements.


This is a post-print version of an article originally published in Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 2015, Volume 30, Issue 3.

The version of record is available through: Sage.

Citation Information
Jane Gervasio. "Total Nutrient Admixtures (3-in-1): Pros vs Cons for Adults" Nutrition in Clinical Practice Vol. 30 Iss. 3 (2015) p. 331 - 335
Available at: