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Article
A CMOS image processing sensor for the detection of image features
Departmental Papers (ESE)
  • Masatoshi Nishimura, Sankyo Co., Ltd.
  • Jan Van der Spiegel, University of Pennsylvania
Document Type
Journal Article
Date of this Version
12-1-2005
Comments
Postprint version. Published in Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, Volume 45, Issue 3, December 2005, pages 263-279. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com.
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10470-005-4955-x
Abstract

A compact CMOS vision sensor for the detection of higher level image features, such as corners, junctions (T-, X-, Y-type) and linestops, is presented. The on-chip detection of these features significantly reduces the data amount and hence facilitates the subsequent processing of pattern recognition. The sensor performs a series of template matching operations in an analog/digital mixed mode for various kinds of image filtering operations including thinning, orientation decomposition, error correction, set operations, and others. The analog operations are done in the current domain. A design procedure, based on the formulation of the transistor mismatch, is applied to fulfill both accuracy and speed requirements. The architecture resembles a CNN-UM that can be programmed by a 30-bit word. The results of an experimental 16x16 pixel chip demonstrate that the sensor is able to detect features at high speed due to the pixel-parallel operation. Over 270 individual processing operations are performed in about 54 µsec.

Keywords
  • feature detection,
  • vision sensor,
  • smart sensor,
  • computational sensor,
  • template-matching,
  • transistor mismatch
Citation Information
Masatoshi Nishimura and Jan Van der Spiegel. "A CMOS image processing sensor for the detection of image features" (2005)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jan_vanderspiegel/23/