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Imaging Islets Labeled wth Magnetic Nanoparticules at 1.5 Tesla
Diabetes (2006)
  • J.H. Tai
  • Paula Foster
  • Alma Rosales
  • Biao Feng
  • Craig Ha
  • Violetta Martinez
  • Soha Ramadan
  • Jonatan Snir
  • C.W. James Melling, The University of Western Ontario
  • Savita Dhanvantari
  • Brian Rutt
  • David J.G. White
We have developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for imaging Feridex (superparamagnetic iron oxide [SPIO])-labeled islets of Langerhans using a standard clinical 1.5-Tesla (T) scanner and employing steady-state acquisition imaging sequence (3DFIESTA). Both porcine and rat islets were labeled with SPIO by a transfection technique using a combination of poly-l-lysine and electroporation. Electron microscopy demonstrated presence of SPIO particles within the individual islet cells, including beta-cells and particles trapped between cell membranes. Our labeling method produced a transfection rate of 860 pg to 3.4 ng iron per islet, dependent on the size of the islet. The labeling procedure did not disrupt either the function or viability of the islets. In vitro 3DFIESTA magnetic resonance images of single-labeled islets corresponded with their optical images. In vivo T2*-weighted scan using 1.5 T detected as few as 200 SPIO-labeled islets transplanted under rat kidney capsule, which correlated with immunohistochemistry of the transplant for insulin and iron. Ex vivo 3DFIESTA images of kidneys containing 200, 800 or 2,000 SPIO-labeled islet isografts showed good correlation between signal loss and increasing numbers of islets. These data provide evidence that islets can be labeled with SPIO and imaged using clinically available 1.5- T MRI.
Publication Date
Citation Information
J.H. Tai, Paula Foster, Alma Rosales, Biao Feng, et al.. "Imaging Islets Labeled wth Magnetic Nanoparticules at 1.5 Tesla" Diabetes Vol. 55 Iss. 11 (2006)
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