Yang Mills Mass Gap Disproved Through Applications of Discoveries of Researchers Like James T. Struck BA, BS, AA, MLIS and Case Studies of Growth, Virtual Particle, Uncertainty Principle, Acceleration, Contraction, De Broglie’s Wave Particle Duality, Light Bending, Different Energies and Gamma Ray Bursts by James T. Struck BA, BS, AA, MLIS James T. Struck's physics discoveries include Beyond Universe, Between Universe, Quasar Zoo, Changing Shape Contracting Universe Theory, Chemical Breakdown Buildup Theory of Universe, Gas Giants, Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud first in Solar System Development Theory, ExoplanetDoublestar nomenclature as hard to tell when planet and when star, Collected Particle Force, Struck Force Table, Astronomical Periodical Table, Element Name Table of Elements, More than 4 basic forces, Reverse of Fundamental Laws also True, Reverse of Laws of Thermodynamics also True, Inventor of Chemical Telescope and Biological Telescope, and Geometric Spectroscopy any shape giving off unique spectra, 20,000 new chemical elements, changing, disappearing, oscillating numbers, conditions language where equations work and do not work, Infinite number of new elements based on one more proton, combination objects being like one object and another. James T. Struck's "Infinite New Chemical Elements" patent applications showed that through proton addition or addition of one proton to each new chemical element an infinite number of new chemical elements are possible; he also showed in his transmutation of elements application that transmutation can be achieved. Others can still invent new elements using other methods besides proton addition such as neutron or characteristic variation. Astronomical Periodical Table, Geographical Periodical Table, Manmade Periodic Table, zoosotrope different neutrons and different element, Chemical Religious Analysis, Neutroprotonium, Varicombarium, chemicals as living, Chemical Breakdown and Buildup Theory of Cosmology, Plasma Powered Sun, Plutonium with 94 neutrons, cold fusion involving combination of neutrons, 4 new minerals Backite, Struckite, Strakalaitisite and All Element Mineral are some other chemical discoveries by him. "Changing Shape Chemical Interaction Universe Cosmology" gives an alternative to the Big Bang presenting the appearance of contraction, expansion and chemical interactions as more significant than initial interaction. His work on the expansion of the Universe creating a theoretical radiation, his work on the CMBR as arguably a cold temperature measurement of the Universe rather than a Big Bang relic, his work on Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Gas Giants first in solar system development represent significant alternatives to current theories. His invention of 20,000 new chemical elements shows how proton atomic theory can be used to create a large number of new elements related to chemical astronomy and spectroscopy. His Biological Telescope, Chemical Telescope, Beyond Universe, Between Universe, Struck Force Table placing forces against time developed, Astronomical Periodic Table, Man Made Element Periodic Table, Geographic Periodic Table and Element Name Table of Elements showing where elements came from are significant discoveries relevant to Universe development. 1. How James T. Struck’s New Discoveries and Circumstances Can Be seen as Disproof of Yang Mills Yang Mills focus on the mass of particles and how their associated waves can be massless, but a disproof can amount to questions if Yang Mills ideas of particles with mass and waves without mass have been tested in all circumstances, energies, speeds, pressures, temperatures, in the area beyond the Universe, time before the Universe, Oort Cloud, Kuiper Belt, quasars, with new chemical elements with more protons, in Collected Particle Force, Force that increases with distance, growth force, spiritual force, decay force, aging force, time force, and with hydrogen bonds or covalent bonds, in 20,000 new chemical elements, in zoosotropes elements with different number of neutrons and different elements thereby. A disproof then can amount to questions of a number of circumstances in which massless waves and mass particles have not been shown. As Yang Mills theories of massive particles and massless waves have not been shown in all the above discoveries and in many energies, locations, temperatures, pressures, Yang Mills mass particles can be seen as disproved. 2. Case study of growth. As grass grows, there is mass to the particles and some mass to the waves. 3. Case study of different energies. If we smash particles together in any accelerator, we will actually find a mass to a wave and a mass to a particle in order to make a measurement of either. 4. Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle or verifiable idea associated disproves mass gap. There will always be some uncertainty in the measurement of a mass of a particle and the measurement of a mass of a wave. Neither can be said to be massless or massive. Both have some genuine degree of uncertainty. 4. Gamma Ray Burster Disproof. If we take a gamma ray burster producing a large amount of energy both the particle and the wave have some energy and mass as we look at both the gamma ray burster and the gamma rays. 5. Contracting Universe Disproof. We see a number of galaxies like M31 approaching us. We know that they are giving off light. The light from massive particles is not massless. The light is blue so we can say that it is measurable or with some mass. 6. Accelerating Universe Disproof. Objects like quasars at distances are receding at considerable red shifts. The considerable z’s or high red shifts are measures of the ability to see some mass in a wave or a mass in light and the associated particle as well. Quasars have mass and their red shifted light also has mass. 6. Gravitational Bending Effect disproof. Look at a gravitational bending image. The object at distance is bent in multiple images. Therefore the light is not massless and the particle initially has some mass too. Both object and bent light have appearance of some mass. 7. Virtual particles have short time frames and therefore almost massless. We do not need to posit a mass for a virtual particle as it is there and not there as Schrodinger’s Cat discussion was discussing. 8.To maintain the Schrodinger’s cat image and wave particle duality theory, we need to maintain an idea of wave as there and particle as there. Therefore the particle has both mass and wave features as does the wave. The Yang Mills simple image of massive object and massless wave is corrected by theories of waves from Louis Debroglie of France and others. There is no massive object and massless wave, but rather duality of mass and wave characters. Yang Mills then is disproved by the Nobel Prizes given to the work of Louis Debroglie in 1926 roughly in which wave particle duality is recognized. Yang Mills is disconfirmed or disproved by ideas of wave particle duality. I can see a virtual particle here which has no mass or only wave characters and a wave which has wave and particle characters. We have held for time concepts of duality not massive object and massless wave. Both wave and object are interacting together fundamental to modern physics. Both the object and the wave can be seen as massive and massless to maintain wave particle duality ideas. Yang Mills imposes too much of a classical massive object massless wave views on physics. Duality perspectives and astronomical observations present perspectives which do not support Yang Mills object particle and wave differences; both wave and particle share massive and massless characteristics.
- Yang Mills Disproved
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/james_struck/58/