Phrases in the Constitution can be used to declare difficult or problematic constitutional rights, and phrases are already used in problematic ways already. Take a look at the 12th Amendment "The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot," and consider how the 2nd amendment does not always get interpreted in light of the right to bear arms in a militia. Phrases are considered separately in the 2nd amendment-"A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed." If we allow people to bear arms outside militia, then we can take phrases like "electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot" to use ballots and debate judges or other judges to declare a co-president or co-presidents. Just as the 2nd amendment probably really was about arms in militias, the 12th amendment may contain a phrase about electors voting in ballots but the phrase should probably not be construed to name a president based on ballots of some form. Just as Cook County Guardian and Illinois courts enslave people with disabilities by taking away their rights and resources and denying basic civil liberties such as fresh air, phone, visitation, consent, chemicals used, coming home, religious services, there are problems with parts and phrases of the Constitution being used to take power over the United States. Cook County and Illinois misuse phrases in the Illinois Probate Law to enslave people with disabilities, but the ADA makes such discrimination illegal and unlawful. My partners and I won the National Debate Tournament, Harvard Tournament, 1st Seed St. Mark's Texas Debate Tournament, California Swing, Redlands Debate Tournament, Hoover Debate Tournament, ISU Debate Tournament, New Trier, GBS, 2nd place JV State, 3rd place Emory Debate Tournament, 2nd place Vermont Debate Tournament etc.. My partners and I had electors in many states voting for us by ballot. Using the U.S. Constitution, my partners and I could be named co presidents of the United States. Many words in the Constitution like "abridging the freedom of speech" are considered as separate phrases and not together with "not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people." (The names of my debate partners from 1982-1986 were Michael Tso, Mitchell Zaveduck, Scott Lew, Jay Saltzman, Robert Unikel, Brian Kramer, and John Loevy, and Rebecca from Louisiana at Vermont Debate Institute) Using this phrase interpretation of the Constitution would give us the first woman president for example, but the interpretation of the 12th amendment is JUST as controversial as the current interpretation of the 2nd Amendment!!!
- 12th amendment,
- 2nd amendment,
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/james_struck/17/