• Urogenital surgery of the mare can be performed safely with the mare standing.
• Ovariectomy performed using laparoscopy is safer than ovariectomy performed using conventional methods and allows the mare to return more rapidly to its normal function.
• Reproductive abnormalities commonly corrected by reconstructive surgery performed with the mare standing include cervical lacerations, perineal injury, pneumovagina, and urovagina.
• Uteropexy is a recently reported technique that may prolong the fertility of aged, multiparous mares.
- Urogenital tract,
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/james_schumacher/167/