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Antibody and cellular immune responses to microfilarial antigens in ferrets experimentally infected with Brugia malayi.
  • James P Thompson, University of Florida
  • R. B. Crandall
  • T. J. Doyle, IV
  • S. A. Hines
  • c. A. Crandall
Eleven of 15 ferrets experimentally infected with Brugia malayi became amicrofilaremic after a brief patency; only four ferrets remained patent after 6 months of infection and two of these ferrets developed a high, persistent microfilaremia. Blastogenic responses of peripheral blood lymphocytes to antigens of microfilariae (mf), assayed in vitro, demonstrated an antigen sensitivity at prepatent, patent and postpatent periods of infection. Lymphocytes from ferrets with high microfilaremia had elevated background responses in culture which were directly correlated with the number of circulating mf. This background response was attributed to antigenic stimulation by mf present in the lymphocyte cultures; addition of mf to cultures of lymphocytes from postpatent ferrets induced responses equivalent to those observed in microfilaremic ferrets. Lymphocyte responses to the mitogen, concanavalin A, did not differ significantly among microfilaremic, amicrofilaremic and uninfected ferrets. Antibody in IgG to antigens of mf measured by ELISA and by immunoblots from SDS-PAGE showed similar patterns of response in ferrets which became amicrofilaremic and in the few ferrets which remained microfilaremic. prausnitz-Kustner tests demonstrated no consistent differences in titers to microfilarial antigens between patent and amicrofilaremic ferrets. The results suggest a high level of immune responsiveness to antigens of mf in infected ferrets with no evidence of immunosuppression associated with prolonged microfilaremia or of major changes in immune responses with development of amicrofilaremic infections.
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Citation Information
James P Thompson, R. B. Crandall, T. J. Doyle, IV, S. A. Hines, et al.. "Antibody and cellular immune responses to microfilarial antigens in ferrets experimentally infected with Brugia malayi." ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PARASITENKUNDE-PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH Vol. 72 Iss. 4 (1986)
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