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Article
Prognostic significance of vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase 2 expression in patients receiving preoperative chemoradiation for esophageal cancer.
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  • James Mueller, MD, Baystate Health
Document Type
Article, Peer-reviewed
Publication Date
6-1-2004
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Both vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase 2 overexpression have been associated with poor prognosis in a variety of human malignancies. In this study we assessed the effect of preoperative chemotherapy and radiation on expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase 2 in patients with esophageal cancer and determined whether these markers were associated with treatment response and overall survival. METHODS: Expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase 2 were measured in a cohort of 46 patients with esophageal cancer receiving preoperative chemoradiation followed by surgical resection. Immunohistochemical stains were performed on both pretreatment biopsy specimens and posttreatment resection specimens for each patient. Differences in vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase 2 expression before and after treatment were measured, and pretreatment expression levels were correlated with treatment response and overall survival. RESULTS: We found that preoperative chemotherapy and radiation induced expression of cyclooxygenase 2 in stromal cells and induced vascular endothelial growth factor expression in both tumor and stromal cells. Pretreatment vascular endothelial growth factor expression did not correlate with treatment response, and cyclooxygenase 2 expression correlated with treatment response only in the subset of patients with squamous cell carcinoma. Although patients whose tumors expressed high levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase 2 tended to have shorter overall survival times, this trend did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Neither vascular endothelial growth factor nor cyclooxygenase 2 are strong predictors of treatment response and survival in patients undergoing preoperative chemoradiation for esophageal cancer. This lack of prognostic significance might be explained by changes in the expression levels of these markers during treatment.
Publication ISSN
1471-227X
Citation Information
Kulke MH, Odze RD, Mueller JD, Wang H, Redston M, Bertagnolli MM. Prognostic significance of vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase 2 expression in patients receiving preoperative chemoradiation for esophageal cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004 Jun;127(6):1579-86.