We examine the behavior of the first-order rainbow for a coated sphere by using both ray theory and Aden-Kerker wave theory as the radius of the core alpha12 and the thickness of the coating delta are varied. As the ratio delta/alpha12 increases from 10(-4) to 0.33, we find three classes of rainbow phenomena that cannot occur for a homogeneous-sphere rainbow. For delta/alpha12 less than or similar to 10(-3), the rainbow intensity is an oscillatory function of the coating thickness, for delta/alpha12 almost-equal-to 10(-2), the first-order rainbow breaks into a pair of twin rainbows, and for delta/alpha12 almost-equal-to 0.33, various rainbow-extinction transitions occur. Each of these effects is analyzed, and their physical interpretations are given. A Debye series decomposition of coated-sphere partial-wave scattering amplitudes is also performed and aids in the analysis.
Rainbow Scattering by a Coated SphereApplied Optics
Publisher's StatementThis paper was published in Applied Optics and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-33-21-4677. Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Citation InformationLock, James A., J. Michael Jamison, and Chih-Yang Lin. "Rainbow Scattering by a Coated Sphere." Applied Optics 33 (1994): 4677-4690.