CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and output in FranceENERGY POLICY (2007)
AbstractThis paper examines the dynamic causal relationships between pollutant emissions, energy consumption, and output for France using cointegration and vector error-correction modelling techniques. We argue that these variables are strongly interrelated and therefore their relationship must be examined using an integrated framework. The results provide evidence for the existence of a fairly robust long-run relationship between these variables for the period 1960–2000. The causality results support the argument that economic growth exerts a causal influence on growth of energy use and growth of pollution in the long run. The results also point to a uni-directional causality running from growth of energy use to output growth in the short run.
Citation InformationJames B Ang. "CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and output in France" ENERGY POLICY (2007)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/james_ang/2/