Translingual information retrieval (TIR) consists of providing a query in one language and searching document collections in one or more different languages. This paper introduces new TIR methods and reports on comparative TIR experiments with these new methods and with previously reported ones in a realistic setting. Methods fall into two categories, query translation based, and statistical-IR approaches establishing translingual associations. The results show that using bilingual corpora for automated extraction of term equivalences in context outperforms other methods. Translingual versions of the Generalized Vector Space Model (GVSM) and Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) perform relatively well, as does translingual pseudo relevance feedback (PRF). All showed relatively small performance loss between monolingual and translingual versions. Query translation based on a general machine- readable bilingual dictionary heretofore the most popular method did not match the performance of other, more sophisticated methods. Also, the previous very high LSI results in the literature were disconfirmed by more realistic relevance-based evaluations.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jaime_carbonell/109/