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Actinomyces endogenous endophthalmitis in a cat following multiple dental extractions
Veterinary Ophthalmology (2013)
  • H D Westermeyer
  • D A Ward
  • Jacqueline C. Whittemore, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • J A. Lyons

An 8-year-old, brachycephalic, mixed breed cat underwent full mouth tooth extractions for the treatment of tooth root abscessation. Subsequently, the cat developed anterior uveitis refractory to topical therapy that eventually necessitated enucleation. Actinomyces species were isolated from both the tooth root abscesses and the anterior chamber after enucleation. Histopathology of the enucleated eye revealed panophthalmitis with abundant intralesional bacteria morphologically consistent with Actinomyces. Between the time of tooth root extraction and enucleation (20weeks), the cat was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and treated with oral steroids for inflammatory bowel syndrome. We believe this report represents a rare case of endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to dental disease, possibly precipitated by concurrent immunosuppression.

DOI: 10.1111/vop.12023

Publication Date
November, 2013
Citation Information
H D Westermeyer, D A Ward, Jacqueline C. Whittemore and J A. Lyons. "Actinomyces endogenous endophthalmitis in a cat following multiple dental extractions" Veterinary Ophthalmology Vol. 16 Iss. 6 (2013)
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