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Article
“Why These Laws?”—Multiverse Discourse as a Scene of Response
Perspectives on Science (2017)
  • Jacob Pearce
Abstract
This paper traces the emergence of whyquestions in modern cosmology and the responding proliferation of multiverse discourse in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Critics who see speculative theorizing as delving into the metaphysical are not hard to find. George Ellisconcern that we are entering a new era of cosmological mythresonates with the 1937 debate regarding cosmythologyand the shifting boundary between physics and metaphysics. However, the charge that multiverse proposals are nothing but speculative metaphysics can be considered in terms other than criteria relating to empirical testability. A historicist reading of what metaphysics represents in this context is presented in order to emphasize that metaphysicalas a pejorative term in science discourse is a fluid and historically contingent concept. It appears that proposals are being considered metaphysical precisely when there is no consensus on what constitutes empirical testability. Drawing on the work of Nicholas Jardine, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger and Christopher Hookway, I argue that in cosmology during this period, particularly in relation to multiverse proposals, there appears a well-defined scene of response, rather than of fully-fledged inquiry. Thus, intelligible questions may be considered metaphysical, but not timelessly so.
Keywords
  • Cosmology,
  • Cosmological myth,
  • Physics,
  • Metaphysics,
  • Science discourse
Publication Date
May, 2017
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/POSC_a_00245
Citation Information
Jacob Pearce. "“Why These Laws?”—Multiverse Discourse as a Scene of Response" Perspectives on Science Vol. 25 Iss. 3 (2017) p. 324 - 354 ISSN: 1063-6145
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jacob_pearce/57/