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Contingency model of leadership effectiveness: Some experimental results.
Journal of Applied Psychology (1971)
  • G. B. Graen
  • J. Burdeane Orris, Butler University
  • K. M. Alvares
Conducted 2 parallel experiments with 78 and 96 undergraduates to replicate and further study the contingency model of leadership effectiveness proposed by F. Fiedler. Ss were assigned to 3-man groups and completed a high and a low structured task after selecting a leader. Ss completed a measure of leadership style, the Least Preferred Co-worker (LPC) scale, a group atmosphere scale, and a leader behavior scale. None of the observed correlations for either study reached significance, and in Exp. II, only 2 of the 7 correlations were in the hypothesized direction. Results along with those of other studies are discussed as casting doubt on the plausibility of the contingency model.
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G. B. Graen, J. Burdeane Orris and K. M. Alvares. "Contingency model of leadership effectiveness: Some experimental results." Journal of Applied Psychology Vol. 55 Iss. 3 (1971)
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