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A Brief Examination of Professional Development Models
Social Science Research Network (2013)
  • Imran Anjum Chaudary
This paper aims to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the major professional development models by examining their underpinning assumptions in the light of the particular bodies of scholarship from the field of education. For this purpose, nine professional development models have been chosen from the Kennedy (2005) and a framework of analysis has been constructed by modifying the criteria of effective professional development reported in the Fraser, Kennedy, Reid, and Mickinney (2007) and the Piggot-Irvine (2006). There is no ‘one right answer’! No one particular form or model of professional development is better than others to be adopted; rather, the uniqueness of the individual setting and the specific learning needs should always be a critical factor in such decisions. In this regard, assortment of models is strongly suggested (Guskey, 2002) to benefit the entire group, i.e., new and experienced professionals.
  • Professional development models,
  • designs,
  • transmission,
  • transformative,
  • culture,
  • adult education,
  • personal,
  • social,
  • occupational needs,
  • teacher learning,
  • autonomy,
  • reflection,
  • peer review,
  • collaboration,
  • evaluation
Publication Date
Fall October 4, 2013
Citation Information
Chaudary, I. A. (2013). A Brief Examination of Professional Development Models. Available at SSRN: