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Culminating and non-culminating accomplishments in Malagasy
Linguistics (2020)
  • Ileana Paul
  • Henriëtte de Swart, Utrecht University
  • Baholisoa Simone Ralalaoherivony, University of Antananarivo
Malagasy is a language with non-culminating accomplishments. There is, however, a specific prefix (maha-), which appears to entail culmination. Moreover, verbs prefixed with maha- display a range of interpretations: causative, abilitive, manage to, and unintentionality. This paper accounts for these two aspects of this prefix with a unified semantic analysis. In particular, maha- encodes double prevention. The double prevention configuration is associated with a cir- cumstantial modal base, which leads to culminating readings in the past and future, but not the present tense. The embedding of double prevention in a force- theoretic framework leads to a more fine-grained theory of causation, which the Malagasy data show to have empirical relevance.
  • causation,
  • ability,
  • culmination
Publication Date
Citation Information
Ileana Paul, Henriëtte de Swart and Baholisoa Simone Ralalaoherivony. "Culminating and non-culminating accomplishments in Malagasy" Linguistics Vol. 58 Iss. 5 (2020) p. 1285 - 1322
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