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Article
Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anaemia among Pregnant Women in Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria
. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences (2013)
  • Ifeyinwa M Okafor, Dr.
Abstract
Iron is a component of a number of proteins including haemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes and enzymes involved in redox reactions. Inadequate iron intake can lead to varying degrees of deficiency, from low iron stores to early iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anaemia and this is dangerous to both baby and mother. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia among pregnant women in Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria. Seventy pregnant women within the age range of 15-45 years from University of Calabar Teaching Hospital were recruited as subjects in this study. The control consisted of fifty age-matched apparently healthy non-pregnant women . The tests that were carried out using standard method include include full blood count (packed cell volume, haemoglobin, mean cell haemoglobin, mean cell haemoglobin concentration and red cell count), serum iron, total iron binding capacity, transferrin saturation,serum ferritin and soluble transferrin recptor. The prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia were found to be significantly higher (p<0.05) among pregnant women(20.0%, 15.7%) when compared to non-pregnant women. The mean haemoglobin, haematocrit, serum iron, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation were significantly reduced (p<0.01) in pregnant than non-pregnant women while total iron binding capacity and soluble transferrin receptor significantly (p<0.01) increased in pregnant than non-pregnant. It was also shown that pregnant women in their third trimesters and multigravidae had the highest prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia while pregnant women in their second trimester had the highest prevalence of anaemia. In conclusion the study has shown that the prevalence of anaemia, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia among pregnant women in the studied area were still high and can be considered public health problem
Keywords
  • Anaemia,
  • Iron deficiency,
  • Soluble transferrin receptor
Publication Date
July, 2013
Citation Information
Ifeyinwa M Okafor. "Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anaemia among Pregnant Women in Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria" . IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences Vol. 7 Iss. 2 (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ifeyinwa_okafor/4/