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Prevalence and Types of Anaemia in Malaria Infected Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
iiste Journal of Natural Science Research (2012)
  • Ifeyinwa M Okafor, Dr.
  • Patience A Akpa
  • Essien A Usanga
Abstract
Anaemia is a very common condition during pregnancy. This is particularly so in level of intake of iron rich foods is low; malaria and other intestinal parasites are common. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of pregnant women with malaria parasitaemia and anaemia at booking and also t o classify the anaemia using morphologic criteria. A total of 414 pregnant women attending University of Calabar Teaching Hospital in Nigeria antenatal clinic were used as the subjects while 250 age non-pregnant women served as controls. Full blood malaria parasite was determined by thick film method. The prevalence of anemia (61.1%) and malaria parasite (70.1%) was significantly (p <0.05) higher among the pregnant women than in the non and 60.8%). Anaemia and malaria parasite was found to be higher in the primigravidae than in the multigravidae. Primigravidae were more susceptible to the parasite especially density of 2112.50 ± 420.90 (parasite/ (parasite/µl). Malaria parasite density increased significantly (p>0.05) with gestational age but anaemia was found to be slightly higher in the second trimester (65.8%) (64.5%). Normocytic normochromic anemia was found to be the most prevalent form of anemia in both pregnant and non-pregnant women while microcytic hypochromic anemia and macrocytic normochromic anemi found to be significantly (p<0.05) higher among the pregnant women than in the non was a negative correlation between haemglobin and malaria parsite density in both pregnant and non women (r = -0.1964,-0.5041). The resu effect on pregnant women living in the study area. Malaria in pregnancy should be recognized as a global priority in health care services and early malaria prophylaxis among pregnant women in this environment should be encouraged
Keywords
  • Malaria,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Anaemia
Publication Date
2012
Citation Information
Ifeyinwa M Okafor, Patience A Akpa and Essien A Usanga. "Prevalence and Types of Anaemia in Malaria Infected Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria" iiste Journal of Natural Science Research Vol. 2 Iss. 7 (2012)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ifeyinwa_okafor/2/