Skip to main content
Constitutional Rights and Judicial Independence: Lessons from Iowa
Wash. U. L. Rev (2011)
  • Ian C Bartrum

Iowa held its 2010 judicial retention elections in the shadow of Varnum v. Brien, the 2009 Supreme Court opinion recognizing same sex marriage. As the result of highly politicized campaign, three talented jurists lost their seats on the Court.

This commentary examines that election and offers a structural solution that might better protect constitutional rights against majoritarian intimidation.

  • Missouri Plan,
  • Iowa,
  • Retention,
  • Constitutional Theory
Publication Date
Spring 2011
Publisher Statement
88 Wash. U. L. Rev __ (2011) Please cite to published version.
Citation Information
Ian C Bartrum. "Constitutional Rights and Judicial Independence: Lessons from Iowa" Wash. U. L. Rev Vol. 88 Iss. 4 (2011)
Available at: