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Detection of a novel quiescence-dependent protein kinase
Journal of Biological Chemistry (2000)
  • Hwa-Chain Robert Wang, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
  • Kellie A Fecteau, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
We have identified a cell quiescence-specific 33-kDa cytoplasmic protein kinase (p33(QIK), Quiescence-Induced Kinase) based on induction of p33(QIK)-specific kinase activity of cells growth-arrested in the quiescent phase and deactivation upon entry into the cell cycle. Blockage of macromolecular synthesis prevents p33(QIK) from deactivation, indicating a requirement of newly synthesized regulators for deactivation of p33(QIK) during G(0)/G(1) transition. Stress shock induces additional increases of p33(QIK) activity in a quiescence-dependent manner that correlates with induction of apoptosis. Using a specific antibody to Krs1/Mst2 protein, we found that p33(QIK) is related to p63(Krs1) and is distinguishable from a 36-kDa protein kinase, which is induced through proteolytic modification of activated p63(Krs1) in proliferating cells undergoing apoptosis. p33(QIK) is constantly expressed in quiescent, proliferating, and apoptotic quiescent cells. Regulation of p33(QIK) activity involves protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation in a proteolysis-independent manner. Regulation of p33(QIK) and related p63(Krs1) and p36 appears to involve distinct pathways in quiescent and proliferating cells, respectively. Our results illustrate the relevance of p33(QIK) activity for cell quiescence that may provide a new insight into signaling pathways regulated in cells during quiescence and quiescence-related apoptosis.
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Citation Information
Hwa-Chain Robert Wang and Kellie A Fecteau. "Detection of a novel quiescence-dependent protein kinase" Journal of Biological Chemistry Vol. 275 Iss. 33 (2000)
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