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Article
Determining the Impact of Prenatal Tobacco Exposure on Self-Regulation at 6 Months
Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations
  • Sandra A. Wiebe, University of Alberta
  • Hua (Julia) Fang, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Craig Johnson, University of Nebraska–Lincoln
  • Karen E. James, University of Nebraska–Lincoln
  • Kimberly Andrews Espy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Publication Date
2-10-2014
Document Type
Article
Abstract

Our goal in the present study was to examine the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on infant self-regulation, exploring birth weight as a mediator and sex as a moderator of risk. A prospective sample of 218 infants was assessed at 6 months of age. Infants completed a battery of tasks assessing working memory/inhibition, attention, and emotional reactivity and regulation. Propensity scores were used to statistically control for confounding risk factors associated with maternal smoking during pregnancy. After prenatal and postnatal confounds were controlled, prenatal tobacco exposure was related to reactivity to frustration and control of attention during stimulus encoding. Birth weight did not mediate the effect of prenatal exposure but was independently related to reactivity and working memory/inhibition. The effect of tobacco exposure was not moderated by sex. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

Keywords
  • Prenatal tobacco exposure,
  • infancy,
  • self-regulation,
  • attention,
  • emotion regulation
Source
Wiebe SA, Fang H, Johnson C, James KE, Espy KA. Determining the Impact of Prenatal Tobacco Exposure on Self-Regulation at 6 Months. Dev Psychol. 2014 Feb 10.
PubMed ID
24512173
Related Resources
Link to article in PubMed
Citation Information
Sandra A. Wiebe, Hua (Julia) Fang, Craig Johnson, Karen E. James, et al.. "Determining the Impact of Prenatal Tobacco Exposure on Self-Regulation at 6 Months" (2014) ISSN: 1939-0599
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/hua_fang/23/