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Politiques envers les migrants hautement qualifiés: Analyse Comparée du Canada, Etats-Unis et Union Européenne
(2010)
  • Hristina Petrova
Abstract
My Master’s thesis is among the few, if not the only work which examines in comparative perspective the public policies of Canada, USA and EU (EU level) in the field of highly skilled migration. I find that this type of migration is understudied, not supported by any of the migration-related organizations, most probably due to its business nature. The triple case study explores the Canadian federal points-based system and the Provincial Programs; the US Green Cards and the H-1B visas; and the EU directive concerning the Blue Cards. My original contribution to the field goes as far as I dwell on who among all immigrants in the US the highly skilled are; how the Canadian federal points system was modified and the implications for the highly skilled; and how the EU directive reflects the position of the EU institutions - the Commission, the Parliament and the Council - in the decision making processes. I find that the US and Canada are relatively open to int’l students whereas the final EU directive doesn’t target students at all (actually the Council cancels the Commission’s derogations for students). Furthermore, a forthcoming wave of emigration from Europe is likely to occur due to over-qualification while the labour market is oriented towards middle-skilled professionals. While the EU shouldn't have followed US most restrictive migration regulations, and the Canadian occupation lists seem to have followed the Australian policies, New Zealand’s policies aimed at attracting skilled migrants (not discussed in the thesis except in the conclusions and mentioned in 1st chapter) seem the most liberal of all English-speaking countries. Furthermore, China, Hong Kong, Singapore and United Arab Emirates can be regarded as emerging destination countries for highly skilled immigrants. Since there is a time lag between a decision is taken and implemented (esp. in EU); given that highly skilled people are highly mobile and policies targeting their selection are very competitive and dynamic, all potential host countries have to improve their planning capacity.
Keywords
  • Highly Skilled Migration,
  • International Students,
  • Public Policies,
  • Canada,
  • USA,
  • EU,
  • Federal Skilled Worker Points System,
  • Quebec Points System,
  • Provincial Nominee Programs,
  • Green Cards,
  • H-1B,
  • EU Blue Cards
Publication Date
July 27, 2010
Citation Information
Hristina Petrova. "Politiques envers les migrants hautement qualifiés: Analyse Comparée du Canada, Etats-Unis et Union Européenne" (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/hristina_petrova/7/