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Cleaning our own house : "exotic" and familiar human rights violations
School of Law Faculty Publications (1998)
  • Hope Lewis
  • Isabelle R. Gunning, Southwestern University School of Law

Women's human rights activism in the United States tend to highlight human rights violations of women outside the U.S., or on women from other cultures who enter the U.S. as immigrants or asylum-seekers, while ignoring internal human rights abuses. This Article focuses on the events surrounding a recent U.S. gender asylum case involving Fauziya Kassindja, a young asylee from Togo, in an attempt to demonstrate the irony of American complacency about the status of the United States as a haven for the protection of human rights. Ms. Kassindja, and other immigrants and asylum-seekers, were subjected to degradation and abuse--in the form of the customary brutality against poor people of color in the immigration and prison systems of this country. This Article identifies several lessons learned from the Kassindja case: human rights must address the transnational nature of FGS; mere opposition to the practice does not extend simple resolutions to effective measure of eradication; the need to exercise care in the portrayal of people who participate in unfamiliar cultural practices. This Article further emphasizes the need to clean up our own human rights house by promoting respect for international human rights within the United States.

  • female genital mutilation,
  • FGM,
  • female genital cutting,
  • FGC,
  • female genital surgery,
  • irua,
  • sunna,
  • excision,
  • infibulation,
  • violence against women,
  • gender-based asylum,
  • refugees,
  • Fauziya Kassindja,
  • Togo,
  • Tchamba Kunsuntu,
  • western paternalism,
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,
  • CEDAW,
  • International Covenant on Economic,
  • Social and Cultural Rights,
Publication Date
January 1, 1998
Publisher Statement

Originally published in Buffalo Human Rights Law Review, v.4 (1998), pp.123-140.

Citation Information
Hope Lewis and Isabelle R. Gunning. "Cleaning our own house : "exotic" and familiar human rights violations" School of Law Faculty Publications (1998)
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