The difference in earnings between the sexes is significant and pervasive in Hong Kong. The 1986 By-Census data reveals that full-time female workers on average earn 34 per cent less than men. Differences in characteristics of the male and female labor force account for about one-fifth of the raw earnings gap. The female earnings gap tends to be relatively large for people in high earnings brackets - a manifestation of the glass ceiling. Human capital theory explains some but not all variations in the earnings gap across socio-economic variables.
The structure of the female earnings gap in Hong KongHong Kong Economic Papers
Document TypeJournal article
Publisher StatementCopyright © 1994 Asian Research Service
Citation InformationLui, H.-K., & Suen, W. (1994). The structure of the female earnings gap in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Economic Papers, (23), 15-29.