Nonstoichiometric amorphous Mg-Ni and Mg-Ni-V alloys were synthesized by mechanical milling the crystalline Mg2Ni alloy with Ni and/or V powders. All the nonstoichiometric amorphous Mg-based alloys result in Mg-based alloy electrodes with very high discharge capacities by comparison with crystalline Mg2Ni alloys. The results indicate that nonstoichiometric amorphous Mg-based alloys can be obtained either by increasing the Ni content, adding a range of other elements, or both, using a mechanical milling method. The nonstoichiometric Mg-based alloy electrodes studied have shown improved initial discharge capacities compared with the stoichiometric amorphous MgNi alloy. These results describe a method of achieving better Mg-based alloy electrodes with high discharge capacities and improved cycle life. The method enables a larger composition range to be achieved with a range of vanadium additions.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/hkliu/61/