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Article
Energy characteristic of a processor allocator and a network-on-chip
International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
  • Dawid Maksymilian Zydek, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • Henry Selvaraj, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • Grzegorz Borowik, Institute of Telecommunications Warsaw
  • Tadeusz Luba, Institute of Telecommunications Warsaw
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
6-22-2011
Abstract

Energy consumption in a Chip MultiProcessor (CMP) is one of the most important costs. It is related to design aspects such as thermal and power constrains. Besides efficient on-chip processing elements, a well-designed Processor Allocator (PA) and a Network-on-Chip (NoC) are also important factors in the energy budget of novel CMPs. In this paper, the authors propose an energy model for NoCs with 2D-mesh and 2D-torus topologies. All important NoC architectures are described and discussed. Energy estimation is presented for PAs. The estimation is based on synthesis results for PAs targeting FPGA. The PAs are driven by allocation algorithms that are studied as well. The proposed energy model is employed in a simulation environment, where exhaustive experiments are performed. Simulation results show that a PA with an IFF allocation algorithm for mesh systems and a torus-based NoC with express-virtual-channel flow control are very energy efficient. Combination of these two solutions is a clear choice for modern CMPs.

Keywords
  • Algorithms--Data processing,
  • Commuting--Energy consumption,
  • Computer architecture,
  • Networks on a chip,
  • Parallel computers,
  • Parallel scheduling (Computer scheduling)
Language
English
Permissions
Use Find in Your Library, contact the author, or use interlibrary loan to garner a copy of the article. Publisher copyright policy allows author to archive post-print (author’s final manuscript). When post-print is available or publisher policy changes, the article will be deposited
Identifier
DOI: 10.2478/v10006-011-0029-7
Citation Information
Dawid Maksymilian Zydek, Henry Selvaraj, Grzegorz Borowik and Tadeusz Luba. "Energy characteristic of a processor allocator and a network-on-chip" International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (2011) p. 385 - 399
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/henry_selvaraj/27/