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Bargaining with Spiritual Patriarchy: The Women in the Shas Movement in Israel
New Topics in Feminist Philosophy of Religion: Contesting Concepts, Practice and Transcendence (2010)
  • henriette dahan kalev
Abstract

In this article the strategies of gender bargaining with the spiritual and political patriarchy will be explored through the case study of the women in Shas Movement. Shas is a Jewish ultra orthodox Sephardic patriarchal community in Israel. Shas's community life, beliefs and culture are rooted in the Jewish religion. Patriarchal codes of behavior whose legitimacy rests on the religious legacy and the Bible, the Halakha and the writings of the Sages. The rules and the gender relations are translated into codes of behavior that are implemented by forces of patriarchy which work through social network that function similar to other disciplining power network. 'Gate keepers' are in charge of the conservation of the order and they are often the older conservative women, Rabbis or the "public opinion" as indoctrinated through pamphlets distributed in synagogues, educational systems and informally through gossip and rumor. As the control over the observation of religious life with regard to the gender relations is very rigid the women who start to make a move do it in very small steps and proceed carefully in order to loosen the restricting forces. Women's bargaining is practiced like the art of embroidery. Trough examples I introduce the methods and the practices in which women in Shas manage to loosen the patriarchal control. I apply Deniz Kandioty's methodological notion of "Bargaining With The Patriarchy" for the analytical part.

Keywords
  • bargaining gender religion patriarchy shas jewish
Publication Date
2010
Publisher Statement
Springer Series in Feminist Philosophy: General Editor Elizabeth Potter New Topics in Feminist Philosophy of Religion: Contesting Concepts, Practices and Transcendence edited by Pamela Sue Anderson
Citation Information
henriette dahan kalev. "Bargaining with Spiritual Patriarchy: The Women in the Shas Movement in Israel" New Topics in Feminist Philosophy of Religion: Contesting Concepts, Practice and Transcendence (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/henriettedahankalev/3/