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Enhancing Physical Activity Classes with Physical Activity Apps
Poster presentation at the 2014 American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Convention (2014)
  • Bridget F. Melton, Georgia Southern University
  • Helen W. Bland, Georgia Southern University
  • Brandonn Harris
  • Elaine Marshall
Background/Purpose: The progression of technology and development of smartphone applications (apps) has led to research investigating the effects of utilizing apps as a means of monitoring, enhancing, and increasing factors such as sociability, self-esteem, and physical activity (PA). Social networking sites that used positive feedback have been found to enhance self-esteem and perceived well-being in comparison to negative feedback. The purpose of the study was to examine whether a mobile app increased physical activity factors: motivation, self-efficacy, enjoyment, and intensity among college students. Method: A mixed methods experimental design included a five-week randomized controlled trial that tested two conditions: (1) traditional body conditioning (control group, n=28); (2) training and enrollment into physical activity mobile app accompanied with traditional body conditioning (intervention group, n=32). Descriptive and inferential statistics (ANOVA) analyzed inter-and intra-group comparison. Analysis/Results: The majoring of the participants were female (50%), 21 and under (68.8%) and African American (37.5%). Significant differences were found between groups by self-efficacy and PA activity level (p< 0.05). Intervention group reported higher satisfaction with the course. Focus group data revealed the easy of use, competition and platform as keys theme that increase the students enjoyment. Conclusions: Adding a PA App to a traditional course can be effective in increasing physical activity and self efficacy among college students.
  • Technology,
  • Smartphone application,
  • Physical activity,
  • Sociability,
  • Self-esteem,
  • Social networking,
  • Motivation,
  • Self-efficacy,
  • Enjoyment,
  • Intensity,
  • College students,
  • Physical education
Publication Date
April 3, 2014
Citation Information
Bridget F. Melton, Helen W. Bland, Brandonn Harris, and Elaine Marshall. "Enhancing Physical Activity Classes with Physical Activity Apps" Poster presentation at the 2014 American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Convention. St. Louis, MO. Apr. 2014.