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Article
Developmental milestone expectations, parenting styles and self construal in Malaysian and Australian caregivers
Kajian Malaysia
  • Heather Winskel, Southern Cross University
  • Khazriyati Salehuddin, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Jaime Stanbury, Southern Cross University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2013
Abstract
The study examined the developmental milestone expectations, parenting style, self construal of Malaysian and Anglo-Australian caregivers. Malaysian and Anglo-Australiancaregivers completed the respective questionnaires. Malaysian caregivers scored significantlyhigher on interdependent self-construal and authoritarian parenting style than Anglo-Australian caregivers. In terms of developmental milestones, Malaysian caregivers expectedlater age of attainment than Anglo-Australians in three of the six developmental domains;compliance, peer interaction and verbal skills. For the individual competencies, Malaysianshad later age expectancies than the Anglo-Australians for 19 out of the 45 competencies. TheMalaysians had earlier expectations than the Anglo-Australians on five of the competencies.These results are congruent with the values associated with individualist cultures wherebyhigh value is placed on independence and autonomy and early mastery of developmentalmilestones.
Citation Information

Winskel, H, Salehuddin, K & Stanbury, J 2013, 'Developmental milestone expectations, parenting styles and self construal in Malaysian and Australian caregivers', Kajian Malaysia, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 19-35.