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Article
Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil obtained from wild and cultivated Moroccan Thymus species
Industrial Crops and Products
  • Laila El Bouzidi, University Cadi
  • Chaima Alaoui Jamali, University Cadi
  • Khalid Bekkouche, University Cadi
  • Lahcen Hassanil, University Cadi
  • Hans Wohlmuth, Southern Cross University
  • David N Leach, Southern Cross University
  • Abdelaziz Abbad, University Cadi
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2013
Peer Reviewed
Peer-Reviewed
Abstract
Thymus broussonetii, Thymus maroccanus and Thymus satureioides, are endemic Moroccan species that are intensively utilized because of their wide ranging medicinal and culinary properties. In an effort to preserve these over-exploited species, the effect of cultivation on the essential oil chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were investigated. The hydrodistilled oils obtained from wild and cultivated thyme species were analyzed by GC–MS. In total, 41 components were identified representing more than 98% of the oils, with carvacrol (26.0–71.6%), borneol (5.0–20.1%), γ-terpinene (4.0–8.9%) and p-cymene (5.2–10.3%) as the main constituents. Similar oil profiles were obtained from wild and cultivated T. maroccanus, whereas some quantitative differences were noted between oils obtained from wild and cultivated T. broussonetii and T. satureioides. The antioxidant and antimicrobial assays revealed that all oils tested from wild and cultivated studied thyme species showed strong activities.
Disciplines
Citation Information

El Bouzidi, L, Jamali, CA, Bekkouche, K, Hassani, L, Wohlmuth, H, Leach, DN, Abbad, A 2013, 'Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil obtained from wild and cultivated Moroccan Thymus species', Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 43, pp. 450-456.

Published version available from:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.07.063