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Article
A framework on the emergence and effectiveness of global health networks
Health Policy and Planning (2015)
  • Jeremy Shiffman, American University
  • Kathryn Quissell, American University
  • Hans Peter Schmitz, University of San Diego
  • David L. Pelletier, Cornell University
  • Stephanie L. Smith, University of New Mexico
  • David Berlan, Florida State University
  • Uwe Gneiting, Free University of Berlin
  • David van Slyke, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University
  • Ines Mergel, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University
  • Mariela Rodriguez, CARE
  • Gill Walt, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Abstract
Since 1990 mortality and morbidity decline has been more extensive for some conditions prevalent in low- and middle-income countries than for others. One reason may be differences in the effectiveness of global health networks, which have proliferated in recent years. Some may be more capable than others in attracting attention to a condition, in generating funding, in developing interventions and in convincing national governments to adopt policies. This article introduces a supplement on the emergence and effectiveness of global health networks. The supplement examines networks concerned with six global health problems: tuberculosis (TB), pneumonia, tobacco use, alcohol harm, maternal mortality and newborn deaths. This article presents a conceptual framework delineating factors that may shape why networks crystallize more easily surrounding some issues than others, and once formed, why some are better able than others to shape policy and public health outcomes. All supplement papers draw on this framework. The framework consists of 10 factors in three categories: (1) features of the networks and actors that comprise them, including leadership, governance arrangements, network composition and framing strategies; (2) conditions in the global policy environment, including potential allies and opponents, funding availability and global expectations concerning which issues should be prioritized; (3) and characteristics of the issue, including severity, tractability and affected groups. The article also explains the design of the project, which is grounded in comparison of networks surrounding three matched issues: TB and pneumonia, tobacco use and alcohol harm, and maternal and newborn survival. Despite similar burden and issue characteristics, there has been considerably greater policy traction for the first in each pair. The supplement articles aim to explain the role of networks in shaping these differences, and collectively represent the first comparative effort to understand the emergence and effectiveness of global health networks.
Keywords
  • global health,
  • networks,
  • policy analysis
Publication Date
August 29, 2015
Citation Information
Jeremy Shiffman, Kathryn Quissell, Hans Peter Schmitz, David L. Pelletier, et al.. "A framework on the emergence and effectiveness of global health networks" Health Policy and Planning (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/hans_peter_schmitz/28/