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[Establishing reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Jefferson scale of empathy (healthcare providers version)]
Journal of Nursing
  • Hanoch Livneh, Portland State University
  • Jung-Feng Cheng
  • Yu-Min Lai
Document Type
Publication Date
  • Medical personnel -- Empathy,
  • Medical personnel -- Taiwan,
  • Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy -- Translation into Chinese
[Article in Chinese] Background: Empathy is an important concept and necessary skill for health care providers. Many studies have adopted the Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Health care Providers Version (JSE-HP) to collect data used to measure healthcare provider empathy. However, this scale has not been used to assess healthcare providers in Taiwan. Purpose: Study purposes were to: (a) translate the JSE-HP into Chinese, (b) examine validity and reliability of the translated scale, and (c) use the scale to measure empathyin a sample of Taiwan healthcare providers. Methods: Researchers used a backward translation approach to translate the JSE-HP into Chinese in order to ensure translation accuracy. Researchers then administered the JSE-HP Chinese version to 660 nurses working at a hospital in southern Taiwan. The study analyzed face validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and split-half reliability. Results: The mean empathy score for participants was 110.66. Factor analysis with principal components analysis indicated the JSE-HP scale as composed of three primary components, which accounted for 52.4% of total variance. Item composition in each component was found to be consistent with the conceptual framework of empathy. Reliability estimates, including Cronbach's alpha and split-half correlation coefficients, were 0.90 and 0.93, respectively. Conclusion: This study suggests that the psychometric characteristics of the JSE-HP Chinese version make it valid for application in future research on Taiwanese health care provider empathy.

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Cheng, J., Lai, Y., Livneh, H., & Tsai, T. (2011). [Establishing reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the jefferson scale of empathy (healthcare providers version)]. Hu Li Za Zhi The Journal Of Nursing, 58(2), 41-48.