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Article
Timing and Carrier Synchronization in Wireless Communication Systems: A Survey and Classification of Research in the Last 5 Years
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
  • Ali A. Nasir, University of Sciences and Technology
  • Salman Durrani, Australian National University
  • Hani Mehrpouyan, Boise State University
  • Steven D. Blostein, Queen's University
  • Rodney A. Kennedy, Australian National University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2016
Abstract
Timing and carrier synchronization is a fundamental requirement for any wireless communication system to work properly. Timing synchronization is the process by which a receiver node determines the correct instants of time at which to sample the incoming signal. Carrier synchronization is the process by which a receiver adapts the frequency and phase of its local carrier oscillator with those of the received signal. In this paper, we survey the literature over the last 5 years (2010–2014) and present a comprehensive literature review and classification of the recent research progress in achieving timing and carrier synchronization in single-input single-output (SISO), multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), cooperative relaying, and multiuser/multicell interference networks. Considering both single-carrier and multi-carrier communication systems, we survey and categorize the timing and carrier synchronization techniques proposed for the different communication systems focusing on the system model assumptions for synchronization, the synchronization challenges, and the state-of-the-art synchronization solutions and their limitations. Finally, we envision some future research directions.
Copyright Statement

This document was originally published in EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking by Wiley. This work is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Details regarding the use of this work can be found at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. doi: 10.1186/s13638-016-0670-9

Citation Information
Ali A. Nasir, Salman Durrani, Hani Mehrpouyan, Steven D. Blostein, et al.. "Timing and Carrier Synchronization in Wireless Communication Systems: A Survey and Classification of Research in the Last 5 Years" EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking (2016)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/hani_mehrpouyan/61/