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Unpublished Paper
Concrete Grinding Residue: Its Effect on Roadside Vegetation and Soil Properties
Reports and White Papers
  • Halil Ceylan, Iowa State University
  • Yang Zhang, Iowa State University
  • Bora Cetin, Iowa State University
  • Sunghwan Kim, Iowa State University
  • Bo Yang, Iowa State University
  • Chenyi Luo, Iowa State University
  • Robert Horton, Iowa State University
  • Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan, Iowa State University
Document Type
Publication Date
Report Number
MN/RC 2019-06
Granting or Sponsoring Agency
Minnesota Department of Transportation
Research Focus Area
Environmental/Water Resources Engineering

Concrete grinding residue (CGR) is a slurry waste consisting of water and concrete fines generated from diamond grinding operations that is used to smooth a concrete pavement surface. During this process, CGRs are mostly disposed along the roadside, which can influence soils and plant communities along the roadways. To understand the effects of CGR on soil physical and chemical properties and plant growth, a controlled field site at the Kelly Farm in Iowa was used with CGR application rates of 0, 10, 20, and 40 dry ton/acre to test properties of soils and plants before the application and one month, six months and one year after the CGR application. Two roadsides along Interstate 90 in Minnesota where CGR material was applied in the past were investigated as well. Laboratory and field experiments were conducted to measure plant biomass, bulk density, hydraulic conductivity, infiltration, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), alkalinity, metals, cation exchange capacity (CEC), exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP), and percentage base saturation (PBS) of soil samples collected from the test sites. Statistical analyses were conducted to correlate the CGR additions to the properties of soils and plants. The results of statistical analyses from the Kelly Farm indicated that CGR material did not significantly affect soil physical properties and plant biomass but impacted the chemical properties of soil. Changes in some soil properties such as pH and percent base saturation (PBS) due to CGR did not persist after one year. The results from two Minnesota roadsides indicated that the areas receiving CGR applications in the past did not negatively affect soil quality and plant growth.

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Citation Information
Halil Ceylan, Yang Zhang, Bora Cetin, Sunghwan Kim, et al.. "Concrete Grinding Residue: Its Effect on Roadside Vegetation and Soil Properties" (2019)
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