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Fiber Quality Response of Pima Cotton to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Deficiency
Publications from USDA-ARS / UNL Faculty
  • Haile Tewolde, Texas A&M University
  • C. J. Fernandez, Texas A&M University
Date of this Version
1-1-2003
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Published in JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 223–235, 2003. DOI: 10.1081/PLN-120016506

Abstract
Imposing a moderate level of nutrient deficiency may be an effective management strategy to limit vegetative growth and enhance maturity of Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.). Whether such deficiency affects fiber quality of American Pima cotton, however, is not well known. A field study was conducted in 1991 and 1992 to determine the fiber quality responses of Pima cotton to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization ranging between deficient and excess. Pima cotton cv. ‘‘S-7’’ was treated with nitrogen rates ranging between 0 and 269 kg ha-1 in a factorial combination with phosphorus rates ranging between 0 and 44 kg ha-1. Fiber property measurements included fiber length, strength, fineness, elongation, and color properties. Increasing rate of applied nitrogen significantly (P ≤ 0.05) increased fiber length, elongation, micronaire, and color characteristics and reduced fiber uniformity ratio in 1991. Increasing nitrogen rate significantly (P ≤ 0.10) increased fiber length, uniformity index, and yellowness in 1992, when the degree of nitrogen deficiency imposed by the lowest nitrogen rate was not as severe as the deficiency imposed by the same treatment in 1991. Phosphorus did not significantly (P ≤ 0.10) affect any of the important fiber properties—length, strength, or micronaire—in either cropping season. These results indicate moderate level of nitrogen or phosphorus deficiency does not affect Pima cotton fiber quality. Nitrogen or phosphorus deficiency severe enough to reduce fiber quality and affect marketing of Pima cotton is unlikely to be encountered under normal Pima cotton production practices.
Citation Information
Haile Tewolde and C. J. Fernandez. "Fiber Quality Response of Pima Cotton to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Deficiency" (2003)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/haile_tewolde/1/