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Bias voltage dependent structure and morphology evolution of magnetron sputtered YSZ thin film: A basic insight
Materials Research Express (2019)
  • Nurhamizah Ahmad Rusli, University Technology Malaysia
  • Rosnita Muhammad, University Technology Malaysia
  • ‪Sib Krishna Ghoshal‬, University Technology Malaysia
  • Hadi Nur, University Technology Malaysia
  • Nafarizal Nayan, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • S. N. Jaafar, University Technology Malaysia
YSZ thin films (YSZTFs) with controlled structure and morphology are desirable for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). We report for the first time the bias voltage (40 V and 120 V) dependent structural and morphological evolution of YSZ thin films grown via radio frequency magnetron sputtering (RFMS) technique. The optimum sample was annealed at 600 oC to achieve an improved ionic conductivity. As-prepared YSZTFs were characterized using various analytical tools. Glancing angle X-ray diffraction (GAXRD) pattern of YSZTFs revealed the existence of non-columnar structure (cubic phases) with preferred growth along [200] lattice orientation. YSZTFs grown at 120 V displayed good homogeneity and uniformity (100 nm thick and crystallite size in the range of 1012 nm) accompanied by large microstrain along [111] lattice orientation. The bias voltage dependent alterations in the morphology of YSZTFs (grain compactness, size, shape, distribution and surface roughness) were clearly manifested in the FESEM and AFM images. Raman and FTIR spectra of YSZTFs disclosed the formation of tetragonal and cubic phases. An in-depth data analyses suggested the successful incorporation of Yttria into the zirconia lattice. Annealed film exhibited improved polycrystallinity and evolved morphology. These achieved YSZTFs could be effective electrolyte for low temperature SOFC operation.
  • Yttria Stabilize Zirconia Thin Film,
  • RF Magnetron Sputtering,
  • Bias voltage,
  • SOFC,
  • Structure,
  • Morphology
Publication Date
August 21, 2019
Citation Information
Nurhamizah Ahmad Rusli, Rosnita Muhammad, ‪Sib Krishna Ghoshal‬, Hadi Nur, et al.. "Bias voltage dependent structure and morphology evolution of magnetron sputtered YSZ thin film: A basic insight" Materials Research Express Vol. 6 Iss. 10 (2019) p. 106414
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