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Highly Crystalline Zinc Oxide/Mesoporous Hollow Silica Composites Synthesized at Low Temperature for the Photocatalytic Degradation of Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate
Australian Journal of Chemistry (2019)
  • Parisa Pourdayhimi, University Technology Malaysia
  • Pei Wen Koh, University Technology Malaysia
  • Hadi Nur, University Technology Malaysia
  • Siew Ling Lee, University Technology Malaysia
Abstract
Highly crystalline ZnO/mesoporous hollow silica sphere (MHSS) composites have been successfully synthesized through an impregnation method at 323 K without applying calcination. Three composites of different Zn/Si molar ratios of 1 : 2, 1 : 1, and 2 : 1 were prepared. X-Ray diffraction patterns confirmed the presence of highly crystalline ZnO in the materials. A layer of ZnO was formed on the MHSS as evidenced by field emission scanning electron microscopy analysis. Transmission electron microscopy analysis verified the mesoporous structure in ZnO/MHSS composites. N2adsorption–desorption analysis indicated a type IV isotherm for 1ZnO/2MHSS and 1ZnO/1MHSS samples, confirming the presence of mesopores in the ZnO layer. It has been demonstrated that all the ZnO/MHSS composites exhibit a high photocatalytic activity towards sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate degradation compared with bare ZnO under UV irradiation. A kinetic study showed that the photodegradation followed a second order model. Among the prepared composites, 1ZnO/1MHSS recorded the highest reaction rate of 6.03 × 10−3 mM−1 min−1 which is attributed to a high crystallinity and the monodispersity of a high amount of ZnO on MHSS.
Keywords
  • zinc oxide,
  • mesoporous hollow titania,
  • composite,
  • photocatalysis,
  • sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate
Publication Date
2019
Citation Information
Parisa Pourdayhimi, Pei Wen Koh, Hadi Nur and Siew Ling Lee. "Highly Crystalline Zinc Oxide/Mesoporous Hollow Silica Composites Synthesized at Low Temperature for the Photocatalytic Degradation of Sodium Dodecylbenzenesulfonate" Australian Journal of Chemistry Vol. in press (2019)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/hadi_nur/215/