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Effectiveness of Forestry Streamside Management Zones in the Sand-Clay Hills of Mississippi: Early Indications
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution: Focus (2004)
  • Gwendolyn D. Carroll, University of Georgia
  • Stephen H. Schoenholtz, Oregon State University
  • B. W. Young
  • Eric D. Dibble, Mississippi State University
During the past decade, compliance with initiatives to promote forestry best management practices (BMPs) has been monitored in most states of the southern U.S. and suggests an excellent level of acceptance throughout the region. However, effectiveness of these practices to protect water quality and aquatic habitat in streams that are potentially impacted by forest management activities has not been as thoroughly documented as the degree of compliance. The objective of this study was to determine effectiveness of streamside management zones (SMZs), a key element of BMPs designed for protection of water quality, aquatic habitat, and macroinvertebrate communities, in low-order streams within a region of north central Mississippi that is subjected to intensive forest management. Three SMZ treatments (undisturbed reference, clear-cut logging with an SMZ designated by forest managers, or clear-cut logging with no SMZ) were evaluated using a study with three replications of each treatment. Response metrics including water quality parameters, mineral soil exposure and net deposition/erosion within riparian zones, stream habitat indicators, and aquatic macroinvertebrate communities were comparable between streams receiving SMZs and undisturbed reference streams at all sampling intervals during the first year after treatment. Furthermore, significant elevation of streamwater temperature, decline in habitat stability rating, and increase in density of macroinvertebrates occurring in streams without an SMZ in comparison to reference streams provides additional evidence of SMZ effectiveness during the initial year after harvesting.
  • Aquatic macroinvertebrates,
  • Best management practices,
  • Forest management,
  • Logging Stream,
  • Habitat,
  • Water quality
Publication Date
January, 2004
Citation Information
Gwendolyn D. Carroll, Stephen H. Schoenholtz, B. W. Young and Eric D. Dibble. "Effectiveness of Forestry Streamside Management Zones in the Sand-Clay Hills of Mississippi: Early Indications" Water, Air, and Soil Pollution: Focus Vol. 4 Iss. 1 (2004) p. 275 - 296
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