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Artificial muscles from fishing line and sewing thread
Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers
  • Carter S Haines, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Marcio D Lima, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Na Li, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Geoffrey M Spinks, University of Wollongong
  • Javad Foroughi, University of Wollongong
  • John D. W Madden, University of British Columbia
  • Shi Hyeong Kim, Hanyang University
  • Shaoli Fang, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Monica Jung de Andrade, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Fatma Goktepe, Namik Kemal University
  • Ozer Goktepe, Namik Kemal University
  • Seyed M Mirvakili, University of British Columbia
  • Sina Naficy, University of Wollongong
  • Xavier Lepro, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Jiyoung Oh, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Mikhail E Kozlov, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Seon Jeong Kim, Hanyang University
  • Xiuru Xu, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Benjamin J Swedlove, University of Texas
  • Gordon G Wallace, University of Wollongong
  • Ray H Baughman, University of Texas at Dallas
RIS ID
87952
Publication Date
1-1-2014
Publication Details

Haines, C. S., Lima, M. D., Li, N., Spinks, G. M., Foroughi, J., Madden, J. D. W., Kim, S., Fang, S., de Andrade, M., Goktepe, F., Goktepe, O., Mirvakili, S. M., Naficy, S., Lepro, X., Oh, J., Kozlov, M. E., Kim, S., Xu, X., Swedlove, B. J., Wallace, G. G. & Baughman, R. H. (2014). Artificial muscles from fishing line and sewing thread. Science, 343 (6173), 868-872.

Abstract
The high cost of powerful, large-stroke, high-stress artificial muscles has combined with performance limitations such as low cycle life, hysteresis, and low efficiency to restrict applications. We demonstrated that inexpensive high-strength polymer fibers used for fishing line and sewing thread can be easily transformed by twist insertion to provide fast, scalable, nonhysteretic, long-life tensile and torsional muscles. Extreme twisting produces coiled muscles that can contract by 49%, lift loads over 100 times heavier than can human muscle of the same length and weight, and generate 5.3 kilowatts of mechanical work per kilogram of muscle weight, similar to that produced by a jet engine. Woven textiles that change porosity in response to temperature and actuating window shutters that could help conserve energy were also demonstrated. Large-stroke tensile actuation was theoretically and experimentally shown to result from torsional actuation.
Grant Number
ARC/CE0561616
Grant Number
ARC/DP110101073
Citation Information
Carter S Haines, Marcio D Lima, Na Li, Geoffrey M Spinks, et al.. "Artificial muscles from fishing line and sewing thread" (2014) p. 868 - 872
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/gwallace/419/