Skip to main content
Article
The Cognitive Neuroscience Revolution
Synthese (2015)
  • Gualtiero Piccinini, University of Missouri-St. Louis
Abstract
We outline a framework of multilevel neurocognitive mechanisms that incorporates representation and computation. We argue that paradigmatic explanations in cognitive neuroscience fit this framework and thus that cognitive neuroscience constitutes a revolutionary break from traditional cognitive science. Whereas traditional cognitive scientific explanations were supposed to be distinct and autonomous from mechanistic explanations, neurocognitive explanations aim to be mechanistic through and through. Neurocognitive explantions aim to integrate computational and representational functions and structures across multiple levels of organization in order to explain cognition. To a large extent, practicing cognitive neuroscientists have already accepted this shift, but philosophical theory has not fully acknowledged and appreciated its significance. As a result, the explanatory framework underlying cognitive neuroscience has remained largely implicit. we explicate this framework and demonstrate its contrast with previous approaches.
Keywords
  • Connectionism,
  • Neural Network,
  • Computation,
  • Mechanism,
  • Cognition,
  • Brain
Disciplines
Publication Date
2015
DOI
10.1007/s11229-015-0783-4
Citation Information
Piccinini, G., & Boone, W. (2015). The Cognitive Neuroscience Revolution. Synthese, 193, 1509–1534. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-015-0783-4