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Examining a conceptual framework of intimate partner violence in men and women arrested for domestic violence
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (2006)
  • Gregory Lyal Stuart
  • J. Meehan
  • T. M. Moore
  • M. Morean
  • J. Hellmuth
  • K. Follansbee
Objective: There is a paucity of research developing and testing conceptual models of intimate partner violence, particularly for female perpetrators of aggression. Several theorists’ conceptual frameworks hypothesize that distal factors—such as personality traits, drinking patterns, and marital discord—influence each other and work together to increase the likelihood of physical aggression. The purpose of the present study was to investigate these variables in a relatively large sample of men and women arrested for domestic violence and courtreferred to violence intervention programs. Method: We recruited 409 participants (272 men and 137 women) who were arrested for domestic violence. We assessed perpetrator alcohol problems, antisociality, trait anger, relationship discord, psychological aggression, and physical abuse. We also assessed the alcohol problems, psychological aggression, and physical abuse of their relationship partners. We used structural equation modeling to examine the interrelationships among these variables in both genders independently. Results: In men and women, alcohol problems in perpetrators and their partners contributed directly to physical abuse and indirectly via psychological aggression, even after perpetrator antisociality, perpetrator trait anger, perpetrator relationship discord, and perpetrator and partner psychological and physical aggression were included in the model. The only significant gender difference found was that, in male perpetrators, trait anger was significantly associated with relationship discord, but this path was not significant for women perpetrators. Conclusions: The results of the study provide further evidence that alcohol problems in both partners are important in the evolution of psychological aggression and physical violence. There were minimal differences between men and women in the relationships of most distal risk factors with physical aggression, suggesting that the conceptual framework examined may fit equally well regardless of perpetrator gender. This finding suggests that, in arrested men and women, violence intervention programs might have improved outcomes if they offered adjunct or integrated alcohol treatment. (J. Stud. Alcohol 67: 102- 112, 2006)
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Citation Information
Gregory Lyal Stuart, J. Meehan, T. M. Moore, M. Morean, et al.. "Examining a conceptual framework of intimate partner violence in men and women arrested for domestic violence" Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs Vol. 67 Iss. 1 (2006)
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