Background. Biliary complications in pediatric liver transplantation (PLT) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Methods. Prospectively, data was collected on 89 consecutive liver transplants performed in 82 children. Eighty-nine consecutive PLTs were tracked for transplant type (partial versus whole), recipient age/weight, duct anastomosis type, surgical technique, and biliary complications. Treatments of biliary complications (surgical versus interventional radiology) were also evaluated. Results. Forty-six children (51.7%) received partial transplants and 43 (48.3%) children received whole organs. The average age for whole liver transplanted children was 8.95 Â± 6.62 years and average weight was 36.2 Â± 28.7 kg; for those receiving partial livers, 3.19 Â± 3.52 years and 14.1 Â± 13.0 kg. Duct-to-duct anastomosis was performed for 26 grafts and Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy for 63 grafts. Biliary complications occurred in 10 of 89 (11.2%) grafts. Complications included anastomotic strictures in four (40%), bile leak in five (50%), intraparenchymal biloma in one (10%). The complication rate for whole organs was 1/43 (2.3%) and 9/46 (19.6%) for partial organ (P =. 015). No difference in complication rates were seen in type of ductal anastomosis (7.7% vs 12.7%, P = NS). Reoperation for biliary complication was necessary in only 2/10 (20%) of grafts. Conclusion. Technical advances have reduced the incidence of biliary complications in PLT. Partial liver grafts have a statistically higher risk of biliary complication than whole grafts. Most biliary complications can be managed with radiological intervention without surgical exploration. Pediatric biliary complications are not associated with graft loss.
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