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Aboveground Feeding by Soybean Aphid, Aphis glycines, Affects Soybean Cyst Nematode, Heterodera glycines, Reproduction Belowground
  • Michael T. McCarville, Iowa State University
  • David H. Soh, Iowa State University
  • Gregory L. Tylka, Iowa State University
  • Matthew E. O'Neal, Iowa State University
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Heterodera glycines is a cyst nematode that causes significant lost soybean yield in the U.S. Recent studies observed the aphid Aphis glycines and H. glycines interacting via their shared host, soybean, Glycine max. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to discern the effect ofA. glycines feeding on H. glycines reproduction. An H. glycines-susceptible cultivar, Kenwood 94, and a resistant cultivar, Dekalb 27–52, were grown in H. glycines-infested soil for 30 and 60 d. Ten days after planting, plants were infested with either zero, five, or ten aphids. At 30 and 60 d, the number of H. glycines females and cysts (dead females) and the number of eggs within were counted. In general, H. glycines were less abundant on the resistant than the susceptible cultivar, and H. glycines abundance increased from 30 to 60 d. At 30 d, 33% moreH. glycines females and eggs were produced on the resistant cultivar in the ten-aphid treatment compared to the zero-aphid treatment. However, at 30 d the susceptible cultivar had 50% fewerH. glycines females and eggs when infested with ten aphids. At 60 d, numbers of H. glycinesfemales and cysts and numbers of eggs on the resistant cultivar were unaffected by A. glycinesfeeding, while numbers of both were decreased by A. glycines on the susceptible cultivar. These results indicate that A. glycines feeding improves the quality of soybean as a host for H. glycines, but at higher herbivore population densities, this effect is offset by a decrease in resource quantity.

This article is from PLoS ONE 9 (2014): e86415, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086415. Posted with permission.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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McCarville et al
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Michael T. McCarville, David H. Soh, Gregory L. Tylka and Matthew E. O'Neal. "Aboveground Feeding by Soybean Aphid, Aphis glycines, Affects Soybean Cyst Nematode, Heterodera glycines, Reproduction Belowground" PLoS ONE Vol. 9 Iss. 1 (2014) p. e86415
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